G.A. Carlson Lime Kiln

Red wing, Minnesota

Red Wing’s Barn Bluff was a center of lime-making and stone quarrying in Minnesota from 1870 to 1910, with the G.A. Carlson Lime Kiln as the heart of the operation. By 1888, this kiln and its nearby sibling at Sorin’s Bluff were generating a combined 85,000 barrels of lime. However, the industry slowed down and the community became concerned about the effects of quarrying, and the kilns closed around 1908.


Our Historic Structure Report (HSR) was commissioned by the City of Red Wing, which intended to stabilize the lime kiln with the hope to incorporate it into the trail system on Barn Bluff. The HSR’s overall goals:


  • Survey and evaluate the physical condition of the lime kiln
  • Define preservation objectives and recommend remedial work
  • Develop construction cost estimates and prioritize remedial work
  • Study and document the history of the lime kiln



Structural engineer: Mattson Macdonald Young

Landscape architect: Damon Farber Associates

Cultural resources consultant: Two Pines Resource Group



City of Red Wing



City of Red Wing Barn Bluff page and lime kiln project page

National Register nomination